Philosophy Research Links
Jeremy Anderson, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of PhilosophyDePauw University
Why use these links? Because any idiot can create a web site, and millions of idiots already have. I have three sites myself. So going to Google or some other big search engine will give you a high percentage of baloney. Assignments based on baloney research get lousy grades. This page has links to sites set up by and/or for philosophers or other relevant specialists.
If you don't find what you're after here, or if a link is broken, e-mail me.
Links will open in a new tab or window.
Do not assume I agree with or otherwise endorse anything presented on any of the linked pages, including my own.
Avoiding Plagiarism. In writing for philosophy courses, you generally don't just dream up your papers out of your head. Even the greatest philosophers' writings react to, and build upon, others' work. So you are often expected to do research--that is, look carefully at what others have said on your topic--and present it as part of your papers or presentations. But it must be clear which parts of your paper are yours and which are taken from others. Presenting others' words or even just their ideas as if they were your own is plagiarism. Avoiding it in your work is extremely important. The minimum penalty is worse than turning in no work at all, and you can be flunked and even expelled for it.
Academic Info's Philosophy Resources.Military matters (see also Law resources).
US Air Force Air University.
This is really a Supersite. American military policy heavily emphasizes air power -- everything from tiny reconnaissance drones to B-2 stealth bombers to ICBM's and potential space-based weapons -- so understanding air power and US military thinking about it is helpful for understanding modern warfare. The Air University is "a major component of Air Education and Training Command and is the Air Force’s center for professional military education." It includes the Air & Space Power Journal. It also includes the Air War College, which includes a military-oriented internet portal with many, many links to such resources as a military index to the internet (with a handy acronym finder but also serious resources such as official reports on torture at Abu Ghraib), links regarding military history, law, and doctrine, and links regarding military theorists, theory, and strategy. For example, you can find an online copy of Col. John Warden III's very influential book, The Air Campaign: Planning for Combat which was used to plan the air component of Desert Storm.US Army War College.
The War College is a sort of graduate school for senior military officers. It includes the Strategic Studies Institute, which publishes analyses of various defense-related issues.The Bureau of Investigative Journalism.
This site includes extensive discussion of and data on drone use. (Several sites do so; notice that their data disagree with each other and with government claims.) The Bureau says, "Our aim is to help educate the public about the realities of power in today’s world. We are particularly concerned with the undermining of democratic processes and failures to accord with fair, legal and transparent practices."Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors.
The CCCO was formed in 1948 to support people opposed to participating in the military, especially draftees. After the end of the draft in the US, CCCO still supported members of the military who wanted out, and also sought to inform potential military recruits about the risks of enlistment. CCCO seems no longer to be active (their web page is defunct), but their records are available via this page at Swarthmore College.The Combating Terrorism Center.
At the US Military Academy at West Point, the Center includes resources such as the Militant Ideology Atlas and the CTC Sentinel, which gives access to a regular journal on terrorism and links to a number of other web resources on terrorism and anti-terrorism.Combined Arms Research Library
This is a large library of historical documents, military periodicals, and ongoing military research housed at the US Army's Combined Arms Center. It includes the Combined Arms Research Library (CARL) Digital Library, which lists various collections you may search. Tidbits include the journal Military Review, a collection of obsolete military manuals (i.e., how to really do it old school), and a 1946 document on Japanese chemical warfare in WWII.Crimes of War.
"The Crimes of War Project is a collaboration of journalists, lawyers and scholars dedicated to raising public awareness of the laws of war and their application to situations of conflict."DefenseTech.
News about defense technology.US Department of Defense (DoD).
News, press release and casualty reports, briefings, photos, publications, policy statements, etc. from the Pentagon.US DoD: Army Training and Doctrine Command.
US DoD: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
DARPA is famous for dreaming up new ideas and offering money to have them brought to life (or death as the case may be). For example, they were recently working on ways to enable soldiers to climb walls the way insects do. Their current motto is, "Creating and preventing strategic surprise."US DoD: Defense Science Board.
Ethics of War.
Introductions to the ethics of war (often called Just War Theory) can be found here at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, here at the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, here at the BBC and of course Wikipedia. Such sources -- especially brief or unscholarly ones like BBC and Wikipedia -- are useful for a quick orientation but are not sufficient as sources for assignments.Evatt Foundation.
This site contains commentary on various political and social issues, but I include it here because I've found some interesting and intelligent commentary on recent wars here, such as Michael Klare's analysis of the motives behind the Iraq invasion, "The Coming War with Iraq," and Michael Scott Doran's discussion of intra-Islamic politics, which argues that America's response to 9/11 has mainly plopped us into the middle of "Somebody Else's Civil War."Federation of American Scientists.
"The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) was formed in 1945 by atomic scientists from the Manhattan Project who felt that scientists, engineers and other innovators had an ethical obligation to bring their knowledge and experience to bear on critical national decisions." For example, on part of their "DoD 101" section you can learn interesting details about the highly controversial cluster bomb. There is a large trove of information related to intelligence gathering in the "war on terror" in their Intelligence Resource Program.A Force More Powerful.
An organization devoted to non-violent means of conflict resolution. The site includes a list of 198 non-violent strategies and methods and links to literature and other resources regarding nonviolence.Frontline.
Frontline is a PBS documentary series with an accompanying web page containing lots of interesting material on a variety of topics. For example, The Execution has articles on the history of the death penalty and some excellent philosophical discussion of the subject. They have lots of documentaries regarding the War on Terror, War in Iraq, and related subjects, many of which may be viewed online.The Geneva Conventions.
This Reference Guide to the Geneva Conventions provides a subject index for looking up particular provisions as well as giving access to the full texts of the Conventions. Some discussion of the Conventions, as well as links to related materials, can be found in Wikipedia's article on the Conventions.Global Security.
Large source of information related to security: news, information about weapon systems, intelligence, etc. For example, you can find a collection of Army Field Manuals here.Global Terrorism Database.
"The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) is an open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world from 1970 through 2014 (with annual updates planned for the future). Unlike many other event databases, the GTD includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 140,000 cases.US Government Accountability Office.
The GAO examines, evaluates, and reports on government offices, programs, and policies, including those related to national security (war, terrorism, etc.) You can find their reports organized by topic, for example.Human Rights Watch.
International human rights organization with a broad range of concerns including the conduct of warfare. For example, they have an extensive report on civilian casualties in the Iraq war.Institute for Economics and Peace.
"The world’s leading think tank dedicated to developing metrics to analyse peace and to quantify its economic benefits." Includes a set of informative interactive maps, such as the Global Peace Index and Terrorism Index; the Institute also publishes an annual Terrorism Index tabulating attacks and identifying trends.International Security.
This site includes extensive data on drone use. (Several sites do so; notice that their data disagree with each other and with government claims.) Their self-description: "New America’s International Security Program is focused on providing evidence-based analysis of international security issues, including the rise of political Islam, U.S. counterterrorism operations, and cyber warfare. This data site houses all of the databases that the program has compiled in its effort to bring greater transparency to such issues. They are maintained and updated on a regular basis."Iraq War Resources.
A few interesting sites are: Cost Of National Security, which tracks in real time how much our wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are costing; Iraq Coalition Casualty Count, which tracks military casualties, and Iraq Body Count, which gives a conservative estimate of civilian casualties. Extensive official justifications for the invasion can of course be found via the US Department of Defense and the Bush White House (see), especially President Bush's West Point graduation speech of 2002, his Cincinnati speech of October 7, 2002 and the 2002 National Security Strategy of the United States. LearnStuff.com has a very brief history of the war as a whole, with links to some supporting documentation.Just War Theory.
Discussions of JWT -- the area of ethics covering when it is OK to go to war, how war may be conducted, and related matters -- can be found in lots of places. Some relatively sophisticated and credible discussions -- along with lots of references for further reading -- may be found in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (see for example, "Just War Theory") and the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (see, for example, "War"). JustWarTheory.com is a page containing lots of annotated links to classical and contemporary discussions of JWT and various war-related topics (and you can buy t-shirts identifying you as a non-combatant, just in case).Law of Armed Conflict.
This is part of the University of Minnesota's large Human Rights Library.The Laws of War.
This collection of Hague and Geneva Conventions is part of Yale University's Avalon Project, a large collection of historical documents in law, history, and diplomacy.The Long War Journal.
Their mission statement: "The Long War Journal is dedicated to providing original and accurate reporting and analysis of the Long War (also known as the Global War on Terror). This is accomplished through its programs of embedded reporters, news and news aggregation, maps, podcasts, and other multimedia formats."Military Review magazine.
Published by the US Army's Combined Arms Center at Fort Leavnworth.Missile Defense Agency.
These are some of the folks developing our National Missile Defense.National Security Archive.
"An independent non-governmental research institute and library located at The George Washington University, the Archive collects and publishes declassified documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act. The Archive also serves as a repository of government records on a wide range of topics pertaining to the national security, foreign, intelligence, and economic policies of the United States."Project on Defense Alternatives.
Large collection of articles on military subjects, with links to collections devoted to particular topics such as China, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the revolution in military affairs, terrorism & counterterrorism, etc.Project Ploughshares.
"Project Ploughshares was established in 1976 as an agency of the Canadian Council of Churches to give practical expression to the fulfilment of God's call to bear witness to peace, reconciliation, and non-violence and to contribute to the building of a national and international order that will serve the goals of peace with justice, freedom, and security for all." The organization's name is a reference to Isaiah 2:4.Public International Law & Policy Group.
Extensive resources on peace-building and international justice, including war crimes.RAND Corporation.
The Rand Corporation published research in many areas, including areas relevant to international relations, strategic studies, and war. Many of its publications may be downloaded for free.The Sandbox.
"Welcome to The Sandbox, our command-wide milblog, featuring comments, anecdotes, and observations from service members currently deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. This is GWOT-lit's forward position, offering those in-country a chance to share their experiences and reflections with the rest of us."School of Advanced International Studies.
The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University has lots of information availabe regarding strategic studies, international relations, etc. Among the links on the left you might find interesting stuff among the Research Centers and Publications.Small Wars Journal.
Much of the information on this commercial site requires a paid subscription, but there is also a good deal of informed opinion about worldwide political issues, terrorism, and public policy, some in the form of free podcasts and some in the form of free e-mailed bulletins.
last update: 8/7/2014
|Copyright © 2005 Jeremy Anderson